Bee Types Range
From 2009 so you’re able to 2018, 192 bee types (Hymenoptera: Apoidea: Anthophila) was indeed trapped during the Calanques Federal Playground through one another internet and you can bowl pitfall collections. It belonged to six parents and 38 genera. Megachilidae is the absolute most variety-steeped family members, with Apidae and you will Halictidae, that have 53, forty two, and you may 43 kinds, correspondingly. Andrena Fabricius, 1775 is actually the fresh richest genus, which have 33 species, whereas 7 genera were represented by only one variety (Stelis Panzer, 1806; Protosmia Ducke, 1900; Pseudoanthidium Friese, 1898; Coelioxys Latreille, 1809; Chelostoma Latreille, 1809; Anthidiellum Cockerell, 1904; Amegilla Friese, 1897; Panurgus Panzer, 1806; Supp Dining table step 1 [on line just] ). Utilising the jackknife 1 and you may dos spiders, the total bee types richness was projected to get anywhere between ± 9.89 and you can ± . The latest observed richness for this reason represented 71.3 to 79.6% of projected bee richness ( Dining table 2). The newest Chao1 method estimated the new seen fullness are 76.8% of your potential limitation richness ( Desk 2). The essential numerous species is actually Apis mellifera L. (276 anybody), accompanied by Rhodanthidium septemdentatum (Latreille, 1809), Rh. sticticum (Fabricius, 1787) (174 and you will 168 some body, respectively), and you may Lasioglossum transitorium (Shenck, 1868) (113 someone). Finally, 50 species (26%) have been depicted of the only one private (singletons).
Environment Characteristics out of Bees
Regarding the environmental qualities out-of nesting needs, i recognized 59 single bee kinds nesting more than surface, 92 solitary bee variety nesting below ground and you can 23 cleptoparasitic types, add up to 31.7, 47.nine, and you may 12.0% of the total bee varieties richness, correspondingly. I detected four societal varieties (bumble bees and honey bees-dos.1%). In the long run, the latest nesting tastes off https://datingranking.net/trueview-review/ 14 species will always be not familiar (eight.3%- Supp Desk step one [on the web simply] ). About your flowery diet plan from bee variety, we discovered that 105 variety (54.7%) foraged on numerous plant kinds (we.age., generalist variety, polylectic) and you may 51 types (twenty six.5%) foraged on one plant family unit members or one/couple plant types (i.age., expert varieties, oligolectic). To the remaining thirty six bee kinds (18.8%), the latest floral diet plan wasn’t identified (elizabeth.g., to own cleptoparasitic variety). However, extremely generalist variety exhibited a choice for one or a number of bush household ( Supp Desk 1 [on line just] ). With the 49 singletons, 14 bee varieties (28%) was basically specialists, and you will nine bee species (18%) was basically cleptoparasitic ( Supp Table step 1 [on the web only] ).
A keen IUCN reputation are readily available for 178 species (excluding brand new varieties buildings and unknown kinds). Some of those, 47 variety was in fact classified due to the fact studies lacking (DD-twenty six.4%), 124 species was indeed least concerned (LC-69.6%), half dozen types have been near endangered (NT-step 3.4%; Andrena ovatula (Kirby, 1802), Colletes albomaculatus (Lucas, 1849), Dasypoda argentata Panzer, 1809, Halictus quadricinctus (Fabricius, 1776), Lasioglossum prasinum (Smith, 1848), and you will L. pygmaeum (Schenck, 1853)), and one types try experienced endangered (EN-0.6%; L. soror (Saunders, 1901)- Supp Desk 1 [on line simply] ). About three oligolectic species have been one of many seven endangered bee variety. A. ovatula and C. albomaculatus are experts into the Fabaceae, D. argentata are a professional on Caprifoliaceae.
From 2009 to help you 2018, 38 species of hover flies (Diptera: Syrphidae) was basically caught from inside the Calanques Federal Playground. They belonged to help you twenty-four genera ( Supp Table 2 [on line merely] ). The essential numerous genera was in fact Paragus Latreille, 1804 (33 some one), Meliscaeva Frey, 1946 (14 some body), and you will Sphaerophoria Lepeletier de Saint-Fargeau Audinet-Serville in the Latreille, 1828 (13 people), while 20 variety (53%) was in fact portrayed of the just one individual ( Supp Desk 2 [online just] ). The fresh bee flies (Diptera: Bombyliidae) was illustrated by the 20 varieties, and additionally four singletons (25%) ( Supp Table step three [online simply] ). This new quote away from full variety richness out-of hover flies and bee flies are between 83 and you may 97 species utilising the jackknife step 1 and you can dos spiders, correspondingly. For that reason, the brand new observed richness represented 59.8–69.9% of one’s projected hover travel and bee travel fullness ( Dining table 2).